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Male vs Female English Springer Spaniel: Comparing Traits and Temperaments

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When choosing an English Springer Spaniel, prospective pet owners often consider whether a male or female dog would be a better fit for their lifestyle and preferences.

While both genders of English Springer Spaniels boast a friendly and energetic nature that endears them to many, subtle differences do exist in their physical attributes, personalities, and care needs.

Males generally stand taller and heavier than their female counterparts, with a slight edge in muscle mass, whereas females often present a more refined stature.

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Beyond the physical, the distinctions between male vs female English Springer Spaniel extend into their behavior and temperament.

It’s not uncommon for males to display more boisterous personalities, while females might exhibit a more reserved nature. However, such traits are influenced as much by individual personality and training as they are by gender.

Addressing the health of these spaniels, one can note that both males and females share similar health risks, but neutering can significantly affect the male’s prospects for certain conditions. Let’s take a deeper dive into the English Springer Spaniel dog breed.

Key Takeaways

  • Male and female English Springer Spaniels differ in size, with males being larger.
  • Their temperaments also differ, with males tending to be more outgoing and females more reserved.
  • Health concerns are generally similar between genders, though neutering males can decrease some health risks.

Breed Overview

The English Springer Spaniel captures hearts with its friendly nature and athletic build. This breed is rich in history and beloved by dog enthusiasts for its versatility and endearing characteristics.


The English Springer Spaniel’s history stretches back to the Renaissance era. Originally bred in England as a gun dog, it descends from the earliest spaniels which began to diverge into separate types, like Cocker Spaniel and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, in the 17th century. They owe their name to their technique of ‘springing’ forward to flush out birds.

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Their cousin, Welsh Springer Spaniel dog, looks almost exactly the same.


Average Height (Adult):

  • Male: 19-22 inches
  • Female: 18-20 inches

Average Weight (Adult):

  • Male: 45-55 pounds
  • Female: 40-50 pounds

They exhibit a friendly disposition, keen intelligence, and an eagerness to please, making them excellent family pets and skilled working dogs.

Males are generally larger with more muscle mass, while females are often slimmer with a more delicate build.


The English Springer Spaniel dons a beautiful medium-length coat that comes in several striking colors and patterns. The recognized coat colors include:

  • Black and White
  • Liver and White
  • Either of the above with tan markings

Sometimes, one might see a roan patterned coat, which mixes colored and white hairs for a beautiful speckled effect, adding to the breed’s visual appeal.

Breed Standards

The American Kennel Club (AKC) sets the breed standard which lists the desirable traits and measurements of the English Springer Spaniel dog breed. Standards ensure dogs are judged fairly in competitions and maintain breed integrity.

The AKC looks for a symmetrical dog with a balanced and harmonious build, capable of both speed and endurance in the field.

Physical Differences

When picking a pet, it’s practical to know how the male and female English Springer Spaniels stack up physically. Each sex brings its own distinctive traits to the table, ranging from their size and build to weight and specific gender characteristics.

Size and Build

Male English Springer Spaniels are robust and muscular by nature—they’re built for active days in the field. Females, on the other hand, often time have a slimmer build, reflecting agility and grace in their movements.

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Weight and Height


  • Weight: Around 45-55 pounds
  • Height: Approximately 19-22 inches


  • Weight: About 40 pounds
  • Height: Typically 18-20 inches

In the height and weight department, male English Springer Spaniels often have an edge, brawnier and taller, while females maintain a more petite stature.

Gender Characteristics

Gender characteristics can extend beyond the tangible aspects of weight and height. The male English Springer Spaniel puppies may display a more domineering stance with a broad chest and pronounced features.

Meanwhile, females, with their sleeker frame, might present a more understated yet equally captivating appearance. Each gender carries its own unique allure that potential owners might find attractive for different reasons.

Temperament and Behavior

English Springer Spaniels are cherished for their lively nature and amiable personalities, making them superb companions for families. They’re incredibly social dogs that display a variety of behaviors depending on gender, socialization, and individual personality.

Personality Traits

English Springer Spaniel dogs are known to be friendly, loyal, and playful. They crave companionship and enjoy being an active part of the family unit. Their intelligence shines through in their responsiveness to dog training and their ability to adapt to various situations.

Male vs Female English Springer Spaniel Behavior

Males may exhibit more dominance and can be more assertive in their behavior, especially if not neutered.

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On the other hand, females tend to be more reserved and may have a slightly more independent streak. However, these traits can vary greatly from one individual to another and are often influenced as much by training and environment as by gender.

Interaction with Family and Other Pets

  • Families with Children: Springer Spaniels generally have a patient and gentle nature, making them a good match for homes with children. They are protective, making them attentive and caring companions
  • Other Pets: Whether male or female, these dogs are typically social and can get along well with other pets if introduced properly. They enjoy the company of other dogs and can live peacefully with cats, especially if raised with them from puppyhood

Health and Longevity

When it comes to the health and longevity of English Springer Spaniel puppies, it’s important to remember that both male and female dogs can live full and vibrant lives with the right care.

Responsible breeding, routine health screenings, and knowledge of common health problems are crucial to ensuring a healthy life for these lively companions.

Common Health Problems

English Springer Spaniels are susceptible to a few health issues that prospective owners should be aware of.

Both males and females can develop hip dysplasia, a condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit together perfectly, which can lead to arthritis or discomfort. Another concern is elbow dysplasia, similar to hip dysplasia but affecting the elbow joints.

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Progressive retinal atrophy is an eye condition that can progress to blindness. They should also be monitored for ear infections, which can be common due to their floppy ears.

  • Health Screenings

To catch and manage health issues early, regular health screenings are key.

  • Hip and Elbow Dysplasia: X-rays can determine joint health
  • Eye Conditions: Annual checks with a vet ophthalmologist are recommended

Neutering or spaying can also be a health consideration, as it often prevents certain health problems. For males, neutering can reduce the risk of them developing certain conditions.


A lovingly cared-for English Springer Spaniel puppy has an impressive lifespan of about 12 to 14 years.

Of course, genetics play a part, but proactive care and attention to their healthcare can contribute to a lengthy and happy life.

The key to a long life for these spaniels is a combination of genetic health, a quality diet, regular exercise, and attentive veterinary care throughout their lives.

Training and Exercise Needs

When it comes to English Springer Spaniels, their high energy and intelligence make training a joy and exercise an absolute must.

These dogs are eager to please and thrive on engaging activities that keep their agile bodies and sharp minds in top shape.

Training Techniques

The Springer Spaniel’s natural smarts mean they pick up on commands and tricks with enthusiasm, making them relatively easy to train.

Consistency is key, as is positive reinforcement; they respond well to treats and praise.

  • Consistent Daily Training: Short, engaging sessions work best
  • Positive Reinforcement: Rewards for good behavior ensure learning is fun and effective

Exercise Requirements

With boundless energy, English Springer Spaniels require plenty of exercise to stay content and healthy.

For adult dogs, around two hours of daily physical activity is ideal. This can be split between walks, runs, and playtime.

  • Daily Activity Level:
    • Adults: ~2 hours
    • Puppies and seniors: Adjusted to lower intensity needs

Activities and Agility

This breed shines in activities that challenge both their physical prowess and their intelligence.

They excel in agility courses and love games that involve running, fetching, and even swimming.

English Springer Spaniels are also known for their love of exploration and adventure in the great outdoors.

  • Recommended Fun & Exercise:
    • Agility training
    • Fetch and Frisbee games
    • Swimming and water games
    • Jogging partners

Grooming and Care

English Springer Spaniels are known for their beautiful, silky coats and cheerful disposition. For them to look and feel their best, a regular grooming routine is essential, along with attention to their nails and teeth.

Coat Maintenance

The English Springer Spaniel’s coat is medium-length. It requires regular brushing to prevent knots and matting. Twice a week should keep their coat shiny and healthy.

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During shedding season, they may need more frequent brushing to manage the loose hair. It’s important to check for signs of skin conditions or parasites during these sessions.

  • Brushing: At least twice a week
  • Shedding Season: Increase frequency as needed

Nail and Teeth Care

Nails should be trimmed regularly to prevent discomfort and mobility issues. As for teeth, daily brushing with dog-specific toothpaste helps prevent dental problems like tartar build-up and gum disease. This also staves off potential bad breath, making those spaniel smiles even sweeter.

  • Nail Trimming: Once or twice a month
  • Teeth Brushing: Daily, with dog-specific toothpaste

Bathing and Cleaning

Springer Spaniels require a bath once every 2-3 months or whenever they get particularly dirty. Use a gentle dog shampoo to avoid skin irritation.

Post-bath, ensure they’re thoroughly dried to prevent any colds or skin issues. Regular ear cleaning is also crucial due to their floppy ears, which can trap moisture and lead to infections.

  • Bathing Schedule: Every 2-3 months or as needed
  • Ear Cleaning: Check and clean ears weekly

Choosing an English Springer Spaniel

When opting for an English Springer Spaniel, one must consider the distinct traits between males and females, the importance of selecting a reputable breeder, and the adoption avenues available.

Male vs Female Considerations

Male English Springer Spaniel dogs generally stand between 19 to 22 inches tall and weigh around 45 to 55 pounds. They are often perceived as more robust and larger than their female counterparts.

Females tend to be more petite, typically measuring 18 to 20 inches in height and weighing close to 40 pounds, with a leaner build. Regardless of gender, these spaniels carry a natural predilection for hunting and outdoor activity, underscoring their athletic nature.

Finding a Reputable Breeder

When searching for a reputable breeder, prospective owners should look for indicators of ethical breeding practices that prioritize health and temperament.

A good starting point is verifying health clearances for genetic conditions such as Phosphofructokinase deficiency and ensuring that the breeding dogs have a history of good health.

A trustworthy breeder will be transparent about the lineage and health of their dogs, often providing a comprehensive history:

  • Health certifications
  • Vaccination records
  • Pedigree information

Adoption Options

Adopting an English Springer Spaniel from a shelter or rescue organization offers a noble alternative to purchasing from a breeder. Shelter dogs often come with evaluations of their health and behavior, ensuring they can adapt well to a new home. While specific hunting lineage may be less certain, they may be adults rather than puppies, providing an immediate opportunity to bond with a dog past the challenging puppy stage.

It’s essential to consider:

  • The dog’s background and temperament
  • Current health status and any special needs

For those passionate about giving a dog a second chance, adoption remains a heartfelt and valuable option to welcome an English Springer Spaniel into their home.

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